Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Deflection Analysis of the Leaf Spring Suspension System with the Combination of Helical Springs

Sachin Gayakwad, Ishan Patel, Pushpendra Kumar Mishra

Abstract


An efficient and optimized leaf spring suspension system for heavy vehicles must have low deflection but good damping capacity of absorbing shocks and jerks. In this research article, deflection analysis of a modified leaf spring suspension system with the combination of helical spring model is presented. To furnish this end, in the typical leaf spring suspension system model, a helical spring at each side of the master leaf is incorporated. Design and static analysis work is performed in CATIA V5R20. The average overall maximum deflection reduction by the proposed modified model with helical springs achieved is 3.6% for various loading conditions in comparison to typical leaf spring suspension system’s master leaf spring model. The deflection characteristics of the proposed modified model can be maintained for the optimization of the comfort and flexibility conditions, by adjusting and adopting the best combination of the design parameters of both types suspension springs.

 

Cite this Article Sachin Gayakwad, Ishan Patel, Pushpendra Kumar Mishra. Deflection Analysis of the Leaf Spring Suspension System with the Combination of Helical Springs. Journal of Automobile Engineering and Applications. 2016; 3(3): 21–30p


References


Werner Schiehlen, Igor Iroz. Uncertainties in road vehicle suspensions. IUTAM Symposium on Dynamical Analysis of Multobody Systems with Design Uncertainties. Procedia IUTAM. 2015; 13: 151-59p.

Anirban C. Mitra, Kiranchand GR, Tanushri Soni, et al. Design of experiments

for optimization of automotive suspension system using quarter car test rig. 12th International Conference on Vibration Problems, ICOVP 2015. Elsevier, Procedia Engineering. 2016; 144: 1102-9p.

Vladimír Goga, Marian K’lucik. Optimization of vehicle suspension parameters with use of evolutionary computation. MMaMs 2012, Elsevier, Procedia Engineering. 2012; 48: 174-79p.

Mahesh P Nagarkar, Gahininath J Vikhe Patil, Rahul N Zaware Patil. Optimization of nonlinear quarter car suspension- seat- driver model. Elsevier, Journal of Advanced Research. Forthcoming in 2016, Article in Press.

Mahmood M Shokrieh, Davood Rezaei. Analysis and optimization of a composite leaf spring. Elsevier, Composite Structure. 2003; 60: 317-25p.

Dammak Fakhreddine, Taktak Mohamed, Abid Said, et al. Finite element method for the stress analysis of isotropic cylindrical helical spring. Elsevier, European Journal of Mechanics A/Solids. 2005; 24: 1068-78p.

Mohd. Izaham Zainal Abidin, Jamaluddin Mahmud, Mohd Juzaila Abd Latif, et al. Experimental and numerical investigation of SUP12 steel coil spring. The Malaysian International Tribology Conference (MITC2013). Elsevier, Procedia Engineering. 2013; 68: 251-57p.

Mehul Sorathiya, Dhaval B Shah, Vipul M Bhojawala. Various Numerical analysis of composite leaf spring for light vehicle mini truck. Selected Papers of Mechanical, Civil and Chemical Engineering tracks of the 4th Nirma University International Conference on Engineering (NUiCONE 2013), Elsevier, Procedia Engineering. 2014.

Mouleeswaran Senthil Kumar, Vijayarangan S. Analytical and experimental studies on fatigue life prediction of steel and composite multi-leaf spring for light passenger vehicles using life data analysis. Materials Science. 2007; 13 (2): 141-46p.

Prawoto Y, Ikeda M, Manville SK, et al. Design and failure modes of automotive suspension springs. Elsevier, Engineering Failure Analysis. 2008; 15: 1155-74p.

Jiang WG, Henshall JL. A novel finite element model for helical springs. Elsevier, Finite Elements in Analysis and Design. 2000; 35: 363-77p.

Vebil Yildirim, Erol Sancaktar. Linear free vibration analysis of cross-ply laminated cylindrical helical spring. Elsevier, International Journal of Mechanical Sciences. 2000 ; 42: 1153-69p.

Del Llano-Vizcaya L, Rubio-Gonzalez C, Mesmacque G, et al. Stress relief effect on fatigue and relaxation of compression springs, Elsevier, Materials and Design. 2007; 28: 1130-34p.

Fuentes JJ, Aguilar HJ, Rodriguez JA, et al. Premature fracture in automobile leaf springs. Elsevier, Engineering Failure Analysis. 2009; 16: 648-55p.

Aimin Yu, Changjin Yang,. Formulation and evaluation of an analytical study for cylindrical helical springs. Acta Mechanica Solida Sinica. 2010; 23 (1): 85-94p.

Kaiser B, Pyttel B, Berger C. VHCF-behavior of helical compression springs made of different materials. Elsevier, International Journal of Fatigue. 2011; 33: 23-32p.

Shishay Amare Gebremeskel. Design, simulation and prototyping of single composite leaf spring for light weight vehicle. Global Journal of Researches in Engineering, Mechanical and Mechanics Engineering. 2012; 12 (7): 21-30p.

Jamil M Renno, Brian R Mace. Vibration modeling of helical springs with non-uniform ends. Elsevier, Journal of Sound and Vibration. 2012; 331: 2809-23p.

Dipendra Kumar Roy, Kashi Nath Saha. Nonlinear analysis of leaf springs of functionally graded materials. Chemical, Civil and Mechanical Engineering Tracks of 3rd Nirma University International Conference (NUiCONE 2012), Elsevier, Procedia Engineering. 2013; 51: 538-43p.

Youli Zhu, Yanli Wang, Yuanlin Huang. Failure analysis of a helical compression spring for a heavy vehicle’s suspension system. Elsevier, Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis. 2014; 2: 169-73p.

Tsubasa Tsubouchi, Kazuhito Takahashi, Takashi Kuboki. Development of coiled springs with high rectangular ratio in cross-section. 11th International Conference on Technology of Plasticity, ICTP2014, 19-24 Oct. 2014, Nagoya, Japan. Elsevier, Procedia Engineering. 2014; 81: 574-79p.

Basaran Ozmen, Berkuk Altiok, Alper Guzel, et al. A novel methodology with testing and simulation for the durability of leaf springs based on measured load collectives. 3rd International Conference on Material and Component Performance under Variable Amplitude Loading, VAL2015. Elsevier, Procedia Engineering. 2015; 101: 363-71p.

Ladislav Kosec, Ales Nagode, Gorazd Kosec, et al. Failure analysis of a motor-car coil spring. Elsevier, Case Studies in Engineering Failure Analysis. 2015; 4: 100-5p.

Sushanta Ghuku, Kashi Nath Saha. A theoretical and experimental study on geometric nonlinearity of initially curved cantilever beams. Elsevier, Engineering Science and Technology. 2016; 19: 135-46p.

Design of leaf springs. Lesson 3, Version 2 ME, IIT Kharagpur. Available at: http://nptel.ac.in/courses/Webcoursecontents/IIT%20Kharagpur/Machine%20design1/pdf/mod7les3.pdf (accessed 04.10.2016).


Full Text: PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.