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Evaluating Performance and Emission Characteristics of a Diesel Engine Fuelled with Biodiesel from Diverse Oil Resource: A Review

M.J. Pathak, G.D. Acharya

Abstract


Biodiesel, being renewable and sustainable alternate to conventional diesel fuel, is being studied aggressively for its use in compression ignition engine for performance and emissions since last 20 years. Biodiesel, composed of saturated and unsaturated long-chain fatty acid alkyl esters, is produced from vegetable oils, edible and non-edible and animal fats through process of trans-esterification. Looking to the facts that petroleum reservoirs are rapidly diminishing, crude petroleum prices are reaching to new heights and environmental pollution is alarming the bell of danger; the use of biodiesel in diesel engine is found to be most promising, even though encountering some problems. Here, it is intended to review comprehensively the performance and emission of the engine fuelled with biodiesel and to compare with conventional diesel. It can be highlighted from the literature review that use of biodiesel in engine results in remarkable reduction in emission of HC, CO and PM. Shortcomings such as lesser fuel economy, power loss and higher NOx emission are although associated with biodiesel. However, many new techniques have been suggested by researchers to overcome these problems.

Cite this ArticlePathak MJ, Acharya GD. Evaluating Performance and Emission Characteristics of a Diesel Engine Fuelled with Biodiesel from Diverse Oil Resource: A Review. Journal of Automobile Engineering and Applications. 2017; 4(1): 10–24p


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