Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

Experimental, Analytical and Numerical Study of Energy Absorption Properties of Aluminum Crush Boxes with and without Buckling Initiators (Axial Loading)

Atul Gaikwad, Kamal Ukey


The crashworthiness in automobile is stated as the capability of a passenger car and its interior arrangements to safe-guard occupants from harm. Whenever an accident occurs, the passengers in the car can be injured due to one of the following reasons: (1) excess acceleration force; (2) physical injury from contact with injurious surfaces, and; (3) exposed to fire, smoke, and chemicals released during accidents. Thus effective crashworthiness design must take into consideration and remove all sources of injury for given design impact limit. This involves attention to following points: (1) Body shell strength, (2) satisfactory keeping control systems, (3) capability of energy attenuation systems, (4) objects that can cause injury to the occupants, and (5) after accident factors, primarily fire prevention and suitability of escape. The purpose of this paper is to experiment the extruded aluminum tube using quasi-static axial crush testing, analytical analysis and FE analysis using LS Dyna. Longitudinally located discontinuity was added to study the effect of collapse mode, load displacement characteristics and energy absorption. It was found that with the addition of discontinuity, which acts as crush initiator, improves collapse mode and energy absorption properties. FE models with and without crush initiator were mapped using the experimental outcome. A good agreement was observed when compared with experimental, analytical and FE analysis for average load.


Cite this ArticleAtul Gaikwad, Kamal Ukey. Experimental, Analytical and Numerical Study of Energy Absorption Properties of Aluminum Crush Boxes with and without Buckling Initiators (Axial Loading). Journal of Automobile Engineering and Applications. 2017; 4(2): 1–9p.


Olabi A-G, Morris E, Hashmi M. Metallic tube type energy absorbers: a synopsis. Thin-Walled Structres. 2007;45:706-26.

Deb A, Mahendrakumar M, Chavan C, Karve J, Blankenburg D, Storen S. Design of an aluminium-based vehicle platform for front impact safety. International Journal of Impact Engineering. 2004;30:1055-79.

D. Karagiozova, N. Jones, Dynamic buckling of elastic-plastic square tubes under axial impact-II: structural response, International Journal of Impact Engineering 30 (2004) 167–192.

N. Jones, Structural Impact, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (UK), 1989.

M. Langseth, O.S. Hopperstad, T. Berstad, Crashworthiness of aluminum extrusions: validation of numerical simulation, effect of mass ratio and impact velocity, International Journal of Impact Engineering 22 (1999) 829–854.

M. Yamashita, M. Gotoh, Y. Sawairi, A numerical simulation of axial crushing of tubular strengthening structures with various hat-shaped cross-sections of various materials, Key Engineering Materials 233 (2002) 193–198.

Galib. DAl, A. Limam, Experimental and numerical investigation of static and dynamic axial crushing of circular aluminum tubes, Thin Walled Structures 42 (2004) 1103–1137.

N. Peixinho, A. Pinho, Study of viscoplasticity models for the impact behavior of high-strength steels, Transactions of the ASME 2 (2007) 114–123.

Y.S. Tai, M.Y. Huang, H.T. Hu, “ Axial Compression and energy absorption characteristics of high-strength thin-walled cylinders under impact load”, Theoretical and Applied Fracture Mechanics 53 (2010) 1-8

P. Khalili, F.Tarlochan, A.M.S. Hamouda and K.Al-Khalifa,” Energy Absorption Capability of Thin Walled Aluminium Tubes Under Crash Loading”, Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Sciences, 9 Dec (2015) 2231-1659.

Prescilla Christy Albert, Amir Radzi Ab Ghani, Mohd Zaid Othman & Ahmad Mujahid Ahmad Zaidi, “ Axial Crushing Behavior of Aluminum Square Tube with Origami Pattern”, Modern Applied Science, 10 (2) 2016 90-108.

Javad MARZBANRAD, Mehdi MEHDIKHANLO and Ashkan SAEEDI POUR, “ An Energy Absorption Comparison of Square, Circular and Elliptic Steel and Aluminum Tubes Under Impact Loading”, Turkish J. Engg, Env. Sci. (2009) 159-166.

Nizam Yob, K.A. Ismail, M.A. Rojan, Mohd. Zaid Othman & Ahmad Mujahid Ahmad Zaidi, “ Quasi Static Axial Compression of Thin Walled Aluminum Tubes: Analysis of Flow Stress in the Analytical Models”, Modern Applied Science, 10(1) 2016, 34-46.

Sajjad Dehghanpour, Ali Yousefi, “Lateral Crushing of Square and Rectangular Metallic Tubes under Different Quasi-Static Conditions”, World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, International Journal of Mechanical, Aerospace, Industrial, Mechatronic and Manufacturing Engineering, 6 (1) 2012, 204-208.

P.K.Gupta, N.K.Gupta and G.S. Sekhon, “ Finite Element Analysis of Collapse of Metallic Tubes”, Defence Science Journal, 58 (1) Jan 2008, 33-45.

S.B. Tuljapur, Dr. S.S. Sarawade, “ Study of Energy Absorption of Rectangular Tube of Bumper of Light Commercial Vehicle during Oblique Loading”, IJIRSET, 4 (5) May 2015 3175-3181.

Full Text: PDF


  • There are currently no refbacks.