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Fuzzy Based Power Flow Control in Grid Connected Hybrid PV-PEMFC Microgrid System

Ch. Raja, Praveenkumar K.

Abstract


This paper evaluates the performance of a fuzzy based power flow control of grid connected hybrid system. The hybrid system composed of a Photovoltaic (PV) array and a Proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) is considered. The photovoltaic (PV) array normally uses a maximum power point tracking (MPPT) technique to continuously deliver the highest power to the load when there are variations in irradiation and temperature occur, which make it become an uncontrollable source. In coordination with PEMFC, the hybrid system output power becomes controllable. Two operation modes, the unit -power control (UPC) mode and the feeder-flow control (FFC) mode, can be applied to the hybrid system. In the UPC mode, variations of load demand are compensated by the main grid because the hybrid source output is regulated to reference power by using adaptive fuzzy controller. The proposed operating strategy with a flexible operation mode change always operates the PV array at maximum output power and the PEMFC in its high efficiency performance band, thus improving the performance of system operation, enhancing system stability, and decreasing the number of operating mode changes. This new control concept is demonstrated with extensive MATLAB/Simulink simulation studies.

Keywords: Photovoltaic (PV) array, Proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC), Fuzzy logic controller, Microgrid, Power control

Cite this ArticleRaja Ch, Praveenkumar K. Fuzzy Based Power Flow Control in Grid Connected Hybrid Pv-Pemfc Microgrid System. Journal of Microelectronics and Solid State Devices. 2016; 3(1): 20–29p.


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