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Smart Materials in Medical Applications

Chetan A. Patil, Sandip A. Kale

Abstract


Abstract

Smart materials are having ability to change its shape according to the external stimulus like temperature, pressure, electric field, magnetic field, etc. These materials includes piezoelectric materials, magnetorheostatic materials, electrorheostatic materials, and shape memory alloy. Shape memory properties provide a very attractive insight into material science, and giving access to unconventional function in every material class. Smart materials are mainly work on the two effects, i.e., shape memory effect and pseudo elasticity. The mechanical properties of smart material make them extremely attractive for many biomedical applications. Smart materials are used in many different fields like in robotics, aeronautics, keyboard, biomedical, etc. The different applications of Shape Memory Alloy (SMA) utilizes the shape memory effect and the super elasticity, so that they can use in medical applications like orthopedic, cardiovascular, bone fracture, orthodontic, bone clamps, guide wires and orthodontic wires, etc. On the basis of study, the biocompatibility of smart material is always better than other stainless steel and other implant materials alloy.

Keywords: Shape memory alloys, shape memory effect, pseudo elasticity

Cite this Article

Chetan A Patil, Sandip A Kale. Smart Materials in Medical Applications. Nano Trends: A Journal of Nanotechnology and Its Applications. 2017; 19(2): 22–27p.


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